Long Term Effects of Smoking – Effects of Nicotine on the Body
Smoking is the last greatest addiction on planet earth that takes longer to quit and takes years of your life once you start doing it. The longer you smoke, the greater is the impact on your body and mind. It can damage the lungs and heart, worsen the symptoms of bronchitis, cause other psychotic symptoms and wheezing. As the saying goes every single cigarette you smoke is another nail in your coffin, unlike other drugs getting used to smoking weakens yours body’s ability to fight illness and other lung infections. Researchers proved that the nicotine, an addictive drug in tobacco causes smokers to continue and smokers do need enough nicotine over a day to satisfy their cravings.
It was found that smokers do inhale 7,000 other chemicals in cigarette smoke. Tobacco smoke contains nearly 60 known cancer causing germs and harms every single organ in the body reducing the health. The most damaging components present in tobacco smoke are tar, carbon monoxide, free radicals, hydrogen cyanide, and radioactive compounds.
Long Term Effects of Smoking Cigarette
Some of the effects of smoking may happen straight away called short term affects and others take long time to occur and are generally referred to as long term effects. Here we notify you on some of the long terms effects of smoking.
On Circulatory System:
Drop in skin temperature due to the constriction of blood vessels in the skin.
Blood is more prone to clotting due to stickiness.
Increased risk in the heart ache and blood pressure due to the blockage of the blood supply.
There could be a possibility of building up of fatty acids on the artery walls leading to a condition called atherosclerosis which is caused by the damaging of lining of the arteries.
It also affects the amount of oxygen caused by the blood and reduces the blood flow to reach to extremities like fingers and toes. This may lead to peripheral vascular disease amongst the other things.
The chances of experiencing a heart attack in smokers are 5 times more likely than an average person who does not smoke.
Smokers have been shown to have a increased risk of getting stomach ulcers.
Smokers have more chances of having bowel problems leading to Crohn’s disease a condition which leads to inflammatory bowel disease that causes irritation in the GI tract.
This disease typically causes pain and diarrhea and most often affects the lower part of small intestine.
People who smoke are more likely to develop colon polyps that are usually referred to as the growths on the inside surface of the colon or rectum. Some of the polyps are cancerous while some being non cancerous.
Smoking increases the risk of pancreatitis, which is the inflammation of pancreas located behind the stomach and close to the duodenum.
Smoking may also increase the risk of developing gallstones in the gallbladder.
Smoking worsens the liver diseases such as primary biliary cirrhosis, a chronic disease that cleverly destroys the bile ducts in the liver and also nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD), a condition which builds up fat in the liver.
On Oral Health:
Smoking and other tobacco products can lead to tooth staining, gum disease which may increase the risk of tooth decay.
It may also lead to tooth loss, result in bad breath and more seriously mouth cancer.
Stating in teeth occurs due to the tar and nicotine present in tobacco and can make teeth yellow first and to brown after years of smoking.
Smokers are more susceptible to infections such as periodontal disease and also seem to impair blood flow to the gums that affects wound healing.
Cigars, cigarettes and other smokeless tobacco products contains at least 28 chemicals that have been shown to increase the risk of oral cancer, throat cancer and esophagus.
Despite of affecting several body parts here are some of the diseases smokers are susceptible to fall ill in the long course of time:
Causing cancer to various body organs such as lungs, nose, larynx, mouth, nasal sinus, oesophagus, pancreas, bone marrow, tongue, ovary, ureter, liver, bladder, kidney, bowel and stomach.
Some of the lung diseases such as chronic obstructive pulmonary disease that includes emphysema and bronchitis.
Poor blood circulation in hands and feet which can lead to gangrene and amputation in severe cases.
Increases the risk of heart strokes and attacks and other heart diseases like coronary heart disease.
Over 7,000 chemicals present in tobacco smoke are chemically active and can trigger any profound impact and fatal changes in the human body. You can help yourself by kicking back the nicotine habit by consulting the right pharmacist to get you on the better road of non- smoking.
Alekhya is a Postgraduate in Nutrition (Osmania University) and has over 3 years of experience in the field of Fitness & Nutrition. She is a full-time contributor at The Fit Indian, with her core area of expertise being weight loss, weight gain, natural home remedies, recipes, diet tips, PCOS management, and infertility among myriad other health-related issues.
She has helped out many people in achieving their health goals. Her undying passion for exploring everything related to the world of Food & Nutrition reflects in her work. This dedication to health is magnified through her sugar-free and gluten-free brownies and smoothies, which has gained her friends’ admiration. A rule she abides by that is worth taking note of is “Eat right to feel right”.