Now-a-days, most of us are suffering from back pains due to the change in lifestyle, increase in stress and excess weight. Our back is the most important part of our body, which helps us to perform various activities. We all must know how to maintain healthy back and reduce the pain. These days most of them are practising yoga in order to relive from back pain. But before starting up yoga, consult a yoga expert and follow the basic guidelines for yoga practice.
Back pain is a human condition, with 60-80% of world’s population experiencing pain at some time in their lives. Although there is no evidence that back pain prevalence has increased, reported disability due to back pain, particularly work absence, has increased in the last 30 years. In western countries back pain is the most common cause of sickness-related absence from work. In UK 7% of adult population consult their general physician each year with back pain, at a high cost and working days.
Only a small number of patients with back pain have a pathologically definable problem. All structures in the spinal column, other than cartilage, are pain sensitive, but exact mechanism of pain production within individual structures is unknown.
Mechanical pain accounts for more than 90% of back pain episodes, usually affecting patients aged 20-55 years. Onset often acute, associated with lifting or bending. Mechanical pain is related to activity and is generally relieved by rest. Low back pain is most common in heavy manual workers, particularly occupations that involve heavy lifting and twisting.
Most episodes of mechanical low back pain settle spontaneously with explanation, reassurance and simple analgesics. After two days 30% are better and after six weeks 90% have recovered. Recurrences of pain are common. Patient education is paramount. So, the patient must get enough information on how to maintain a healthy back.
In order to maintain a healthy back, we should know the various causes of back pain and try to prevent them.
Anything that puts pressure on the back muscles or nerves can cause pain, and any illness or damage to the spine can also cause pain. Though back pain is one of the most common health problems in western countries its cause is often unidentified. The majority of acute back pain problems, however, are most likely minor sprains, strains, spams and overuse.
Muscle spasms and strains are thought to be the most common causes of back pain. An awkward movement of the back (even sneezing, coughing, bending to tie a shoe or incorrectly lifting a heavy object) can cause muscle spasm. A spasm can cause the back to lock up and can cause severe pain. Muscle spasms tend to get better over time. Strained muscles, tendons, or ligaments or inflamed joints may cause pain along the spine. If the back is strained, soreness, or shifting may develop over time or immediate pain may be felt.
Excess weight adds stress to the spine. Additionally, increased fat around the abdomen may throw off balance and increase risk.
Bad posture in any circumstance while standing or sitting for long periods, or while lifting, exercising, or during any other type of activity can contribute to back pain and problems.
Lifestyle factors, such as stress and smoking are thought to play a part in some cases of back pain. The mechanisms for this association however, have not yet proven.
The first strategy for dealing with back pain is to try to prevent it. There are three primary areas one can focus on to keep a healthy back.
Regular exercise is the most potent weapon against back problems. Exercise has the potential to strengthen the back, increase aerobic capacity, improve over all fitness, reduce stress, and help shed excess pounds that put more pressure on back. You can perform yogasanas for reducing fat, which will in turn help you to reduce weight and stay fit and healthy. By increasing strength and flexibility of back muscles, weight is better distributed and less force is placed on spine. Strengthening of back muscles is also one of the most important steps in treating most causes of back pain.
Maintaining good posture can keep the back healthy, postural techniques can also help relieve back pain.
At first glance, diet may seem a strange factor in maintaining back health; however, it is always recommended to maintain a balanced diet chart in order to control our weight, which is very important in maintaining a healthy back. Excess weight adds pressure to back and can throw off balance. The best way to loose or maintain weight is to:
Remember to avoid fat diets and quick weight loss programs.
These are the causes, prevention and treatment for back pain. This basic information helps you to know the reason behind your back pain and also on how to maintain healthy back. Back injury is one of the most painful injury. If you have a severe back pain, then it is always recommended to consult your general physician, than self treatment. You can also follow acupressure treatment to deal with back pain, as there are various benefits of acupressure points.