Ever wondered who is best suited for bariatric surgery? People who have a BMI greater than 40, or who are more than 100 pounds overweight, are ideal candidates for the surgery. There are other criteria for consideration as well, like the patient should have at least two obesity-related diseases like type II diabetes, hypertension, sleep apnea or other respiratory problems.
Patients with regular complaints such as fatty liver disease not resulting from alcoholism, osteoarthritis, abnormal cholesterol and triglyceride levels, heart disease or gastrointestinal disorders. The patient might also notice that they’re unable lose weight even if they’ve been trying for a long period of time.
Also, when you go for an advanced surgery like this, you need to be sure about the clinic you go to for the surgery, in addition to the pre and post-surgery care. You can also consider bariatric surgery, if:
If you have made up your mind about going for a bariatric surgery, try and weigh the pros and cons of the same, by considering the following points.
Since bariatric surgery is indeed a major surgery, it is not completely bereft of risks or side-effects. Some of the major risks and side-effects are as follows,
Weight loss surgery can show really good results as far as weight lost is concerned, but it shouldn’t be regarded as a magic procedure to cure obesity. But if you really want to get great results, you need to stick to a strict dietary regime all throughout your life, so that you can avoid gaining back the weight which adversely affects your health.
This well-structured plan will include:
Bariatric surgery is considered the most effective weight-loss procedure for the morbidly obese. The impact of the surgery is well accepted, and rapid progress in recent years has made it a much safer surgery option than it was before. One has to ensure that the first follow-up has to be within a month after surgery.
Studies have substantiated that bariatric surgery is one the most effective weight-loss options suitable for the morbidly obese. A person is regarded as morbidly obese when he/she has a BMI higher than 40 kg/m2. The major portion of the weight loss occurs within the first 1 to 2 years of surgery. It goes without saying that drastic weight loss can also bring down the risk of diseases associated with obesity.
Exercise in conjunction with diet sometimes fail to make people with extreme and morbid obesity lose weight. Bariatric surgery is as the name suggests is a surgery that is performed to help people struggling with obesity to lose weight. Scientific reports have substantiated that bariatric surgery lowers the death risks for such patients who are severely obese, ensuring that they make suitable changes in their lifestyles too.
This surgery is performed in different methods according to the weight of the persons and their health conditions.
The gastric balloon procedure also known as endoscopic intragastric balloon is a procedure where an inflated silicon balloon is inserted in the stomach for about 6 months, so that there is less room for food. As a result of which patients:
Procedure: This is the simplest method in this type of surgery. This method is performed to those who want to lose 10-15kgs of weight. In this method, a balloon is sent into the stomach through mouth, without making any cut on the body. This balloon is filled with saline which will be blue in colour. Due to this the size of the stomach will be decreased. This process completes just in 15 minutes. Sometimes, air sac can be used instead of balloon filled with saline.
This method doesn’t have many side effects. But one side-effect will be this method may not be suitable for people :
In this process the inflatable silicon band placed around top portion of the stomach. This process can be completed within 45 minutes by laparoscopy. After 6 weeks the band will be tightened by filling it with saline. Due to this process 50% of the targeted weight can be lost.
In this method the stomach size is reduced by 25% of it original size by surgical removal of a major part of the stomach in shape of a major curve. The open ends are connected to form sleeve or a tube in shape of a banana. In this process the part which is responsible for secreting the hormone “Grehlin” will be cut which results in decrease in hunger. This is a permanent process and persons between the ages 16-70 years can be operated by this process.
This method is irreversible, because a part of stomach will be removed.
In this surgery the stomach is divided into upper and lower pouch and then the small intestine is bypassed to connect both the parts. As the size of stomach is reduced in this process, the intake of food will be reduced. This process is useful for losing weight rapidly.
This process will be performed to the persons
Apart from the above surgeries there are other surgeries like Gastric Imbrication and Endo Barrier.
In the Gastric Imbricaton method there won’t be any cuts but a part of stomach is folded. In Endo Barrier method a small tube like structure is inserted at the lower part of stomach .
All these procedures are made safe and simplified through laproscopy, but they are not completely without side effects. Therefore, the decision to undergo any of the above surgeries should be taken, under the guidance of experienced doctors.
Devi Gajendran is a Post Graduate in Nutrition (University of Madras, Tamil Nadu) and has tons of experience in Fitness and Nutrition. She is the chief advisor and full time contributor at the Fit Indian and has the final say on all the segments under the Fit Indian paradigm, such as beauty, fitness, home remedies, diseases, diet tips, weight loss, weight gain and so on. A foodie herself, she believes in the Hippocrates quote,” Let food be thy medicine and medicine be thy food.” A fitness enthusiast, she believes that the combination of diet and exercise can work wonders. When she is not sharing her valuable knowledge about food and fitness, she likes to spend quality time with her family members, do some healthy baking and listen to soft soulful music.
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