How Do Low Glycemic Foods Impact Diabetes Management?

Reviewed by: | Author: Manoja Kalakanti

Numerous sources are available to assist you in finding a diet appropriate for your body and lifestyle. Because the entire country is trying to be more health-conscious, the latest trend in healthy eating is focusing more on foods with a low glycemic index. No matter why you want to eat a healthier diet in general; whether for heart health, fat loss, more stable moods, or reduced cravings. A low glycemic index diet list is likely to be beneficial in various ways, some of which you might not expect.

Glycemic is used to determine which carbohydrates should be in a person’s daily diet. The glycemic index is a rating of meals based on their glycemic reaction or the amount and rate at which blood sugar levels rise two hours after eating food. The lower the glycemic index, the less likely blood sugar will increase.


Low glycemic foods can be an essential part of diabetes management. Understanding the glycemic index can help people with Type 1 and Type 2 Diabetes improve their long-term health.

Impact of Low Glycemic Foods in Diabetes Management

Low glycemic foods can help people manage their weight and increase satiety. Because they take longer to digest, they aid in appetite control. This allows the body’s energy levels to be sustained for a more extended period. Before a workout is the best time to consume low glycemic carbs foods.

Low glycemic index foods include beans, peas, fruit and vegetables. Incorporating these foods helps prevent the body from losing its ability to lower blood sugar levels when needed by avoiding high blood sugar spikes.

Below are some foods that won’t spike your blood sugar levels by incorporating them into your meals.

Low-Glycemic Fruits

Most fruits have a low GI due to fiber and because their sugar is mostly fructose. Low glycemic fruits, both fresh and dried, are among the best food choices for meeting carbohydrates and other nutritional requirements. Consider fiber-rich fruits low in the glycemic index when deciding which fruits to eat.

Here are some fruits with low carbohydrate content.

  • Avocado
  • Strawberries
  • Grapefruit
  • Apricots
  • Lemons
  • Oranges
  • Mulberries
  • Raspberries
  • Low-Glycemic Vegetables

Eating vegetables low in carbs, sugar and high in complex carbs and fiber can help you maintain a healthy blood sugar level. Low-glycemic foods, high in fiber and protein, cause slow, steady digestion that will not leave you hungry.

Start your way to a healthier you by eating these low-glycemic vegetables.

  • Carrots
  • Onions
  • Green peas
  • Lettuce
  • Tomatoes
  • Cucumbers
  • Mushrooms
  • Bok Choy
  • Low-Glycemic Grains

Grains are often completely off-limit on many low-carb diets. They are full of fiber and can be consumed in moderation as part of a healthy, carbohydrate-controlled diet.

Some common whole-grain foods

  • Barley
  • Whole wheat kernels
  • Fiber
  • Oat Bran
  • Whole Grain
  • Sourdough Bread
  • Wheat Tortilla
  • Low-Glycemic Legumes

Eating a wide range of intact grains, legumes, and low GI grain foods lowers the overall GI of your diet.

Most legumes include

  • Beans
  • Lima beans
  • Split peas
  • Black-Eyed Peas
  • Lentils
  • Edamame and roasted soybeans
  • Hummus
  • Bean dip
  • Tofu

Low-Glycemic Dairy Products

Dairy products have a higher protein content than carbs and thus fall into the low glycemic index food category. Milk and other dairy foods have a low glycemic index due to the moderate GI effect of lactose and milk protein, which slows stomach emptying.

Here are some dairy products with common glycemic indexes

  • Skim and Low-Fat Milk
  • Plain yogurt
  • Cheese
  • Cottage cheese
  • Ricotta cheese
  • Soy milk
  • Yogurt
  • Healthy Fats

Fat slows digestion, which delays carbohydrate absorption into the blood. Including healthy fats in your meals not only keeps you fuller for longer but also prevents blood sugar spikes.

Here are some of the low GI healthy fats you should include in your diet

  • Olive Oil
  • Canola oil
  • Avocado oil
  • Seeds
  • Macadamia nut oil

Choosing unprocessed foods with a low glycemic load includes plenty of vegetables, healthy fats, and lean proteins. It helps you feel more energized throughout the day and reduces your overeating chances due to carb cravings, moodiness, and blood sugar swings.

Let’s look at the benefits of a low glycemic food diet.

Benefits of Low Glycemic Food Diet

The Glycemic index ranks carbohydrates in foods based on how they affect blood glucose levels. A low-glycemic diet, when combined with other healthy nutritional guidelines such as limiting sugar intake, making a choice of high-fiber foods, and sustaining a low sodium intake, can help with many health benefits.

Here are some of the benefits of low glycemic foods

  • Promotes Weight loss
  • Stabilizes Blood Sugar Levels
  • Insulin Control
  • Disease Prevention
  • Boosts Energy
  • Improves Mood

The advantages of eating a low glycemic index diet can help prevent various chronic conditions. It is especially effective against diabetes and hypercholesterolemia, but it can also protect against various cancers. Let’s look at some low GI diet foods to avoid.

Foods to Avoid with Low GI

Although no food is forbidden on the eating plan, food varieties with a low GI should be limited.

Low GI food sources that should be avoided include:

  • Sweets And Syrups
  • Processed Foods
  • Fried Foods
  • Roasted Peanuts
  • Microwave popcorn
  • Coffee
  • Sugar Refreshments

Following a low-GI diet does not require you to avoid your favorite high-GI foods altogether. As a result, when implementing the low glycemic diet, you must adhere to the following guidelines:

  • Always watch the portion size of high GI foods.
  • Limit your consumption of such foods because they produce more glucose.
  • Two servings of low GI foods should accompany one serving of high GI foods.
  • Avoid eating more than one high GI food at a time to achieve balance in your body.
  • Try to limit your intake of medium GI foods to two per day.
  • When consuming high GI foods as part of a low-GI diet, include some acidic foods to slow the glucose conversion.
  • Include low glycemic index foods in your regular diet to stay fit and healthy while avoiding most diseases in the long run.
  • Let us now discuss the low GI diet plan.
  • Low GI Diet Plan to Manage Diabetes

The GI diet focuses on rating carbohydrates in foods rather than encouraging a low carbohydrate diet. Instead, it seeks to educate people on how carbohydrate consumption affects blood sugar levels.

A low glycemic diet for good health means feeling lighter, eating naturally better foods, and opening to a world of new choices you can eat guilt-free. Let’s look at low glycemic diet plans to manage diabetes

The Low GI Diet is also about improving your health rather than losing weight. These factors combine to make it an essential diet for you to try.

Take Away

The only way to effectively control diabetes and reduce its complications is to eat a well-balanced diet and live a healthy lifestyle. Diabetes may force you to change the way you live your life. However, if you master the art of healthy cooking, this change can be better. Spice up your life in the right way, and you’re on your way to becoming a fitter person!


What is glycemic index?

The glycemic index is a tool that ranks carbohydrates in terms of how much they affect blood sugar levels.

What are low glycemic carbs?

Protein foods like meat and fish contain no carbs, so they don’t have a GI rating. All non-starchy vegetables are low on the glycemic index.

What are low glycemic foods?

The low glycemic diet is based on the concept of the glycemic index. These foods include green vegetables, chickpeas, raw carrots, organic fruits, kidney beans, broccoli and lentils

What foods should I eat to lower my glycemic level?

Eat a lot of non-starchy vegetables, beans, and fruits such as apples, pears, peaches, and berries. Even tropical fruits like bananas, mangoes, and papayas tend to have a lower glycemic index than typical desserts.

Can a lower glycemic impact help with weight loss?

A low-glycemic diet can help you control your weight by reducing blood sugar and insulin spikes.

What foods are not included in the glycemic index?

Foods that have no carbohydrates in them like fish, chicken, beef, and eggs will not be included in the glycemic index list.

Do low glycemic index diets work?

Yes. Sticking to a low glycemic index diet may help prevent conditions like diabetes and heart disease.

Why is it important to eat a low glycemic diet?

The low glycemic index can help improve endurance performance during exercise and athletic performance.

What is the purpose of the glycemic index?

The goal of a glycemic index diet is to consume carbohydrate-rich foods that are less likely to cause significant increases in blood sugar levels.

What foods can I eat on a low GI diet?

A low-GI diet based on nutritious, low-GI foods such as vegetables, beans, low-fat dairy, and whole grains can help control prediabetes or diabetes.

Download App

Get our wellness newsletter

Health and Diet tips, Fitness,
Beauty and more.